Nature of Legal Services

You are purchasing a service rather than a product.  A service renders benefits; however, those benefits may not be tangible at first.  Even though a service may be provided, the ultimate desired result may or may not occur.  This is because I cannot control all of the factors involved in handling the legal matter.  A product, on the other hand, is tangible.  It is fairly easy to determine the value of the product.

The purpose for purchasing legal services is to solve a problem or accomplish a desired result.  Accordingly, the client’s monies are used to employ the attorney, staff members, paralegals, office assistants, secretaries, and physical equipment in order to do their best to meet the client’s desired goal.

Lawyers have business overhead, which must be included in their fees.  This includes but is not limited to attorneys, legal assistants, or paralegals and in some cases investigators, secretaries, receptionists, bookkeepers, clerks, etc.

In order to function and provide professional services, my law office has heavy capital expenses such as access to electronic law libraries, computers or word processing machines, copy machines, typewriters, office furniture and equipment, file cabinets and file storage equipment in order to keep up with the many matters handled by my law office.

Guaranteed Outcome or Results

You understand that I cannot guarantee any expected outcome or conclusion of the legal matter due to numerous and complicated factors which are beyond my control.  Accordingly, I cannot guarantee a favorable outcome in any litigation or business matters that I am handling for you.  I will, however, within the bounds of legal ethics provide reasonable and competent services to represent and protect your legal interests.  In the event the matter requires negotiation or involves litigation, I will negotiate with the opposing party on your behalf in order to settle or resolve the dispute.  I will not conclude or settle the matter without your approval.

Fee Determination

What factors are involved in determining the lawyer’s fees?  Most attorneys take the following factors into setting their fee:


The type of case involved whether it is a simple and routine matter, or whether it is a complex, highly technical matter,
The urgency of the matter and need for overtime work etc.,
Whether taking this matter will preclude the acceptance of other employment,
The total amount of time involved. Can the matter be delegated to staff personnel such as paralegals or secretaries or must all of the time be spent by the attorney? With respect to the attorney’s time, how much of the time will be spent by highly trained senior attorneys in the office versus junior attorneys in the office,
The expertise of the attorney,
The results obtained,
The customary fee charged in the area and
The additional costs involved, if any, amount of secretarial time, insurance surcharges on this work etc.




Type of Fee


The fee may be a flat fee, such as a one-time payment to cover all of the costs for the matter desired, such as an incorporation, an uncontested bankruptcy, divorce, or the fee may be based upon an hourly charge for all of the time that the attorney spends on each particular matter.

In some cases, as allowed by law, the attorney may charge a percentage of the monies awarded.  This is called a contingency fee.  Contingency fees are frequently charged in the following areas:


·       Collections,
·       Medical malpractice,
·       Personal injury,
·       Worker’s compensation and
·       Plaintiff lawsuits involving an award of money damages.


Flat Rates


Flat rates are designed to make the fees affordable to the client and are used primarily in routine, simple, or ordinary legal matters.  A flat fee is always based on certain assumptions.  If those assumptions are incorrect, changed, or are modified, then the attorney must revert to an hourly rate since he cannot provide competent professional services as requested and needed under a flat fee arrangement.

For example, the fee for a divorce proceeding might include a meeting with the client, determining the client’s needs, drafting and filing the divorce petition, having the spouse sign a document which waives service of citation, preparation of an agreed divorce decree, representing the client at the hearing and obtaining a final agreed divorce decree.

In the event the matter cannot be resolved by agreement and the opposing party refuses to sign the appropriate papers, then the flat fee arrangement would not be used due to the change in circumstances.  In such a situation, I would apply the flat fee as a retainer or deposit against the total fee owed and once the hourly rate fee exceeds the monies previously collected, bill the client on a monthly basis for my hourly work.

Hourly Rate


Our hourly fees are set as follows:


Arthur H. Geffen$295-$450 per hour depending on the complexity of the matter


Attorney’s fees, unfortunately, are not pure net profit as some clients may assume.  Fees are considered gross income out of which numerous expenses are deducted.  As with all businesses, sometimes expenses exceed income and attorneys, like everyone else, have to manage their cash flow in a professional and businesslike manner.


The attorney and office staff keep track of their time in minutes to the nearest quarter hour and record their time daily.  Time record notations are made for any and all work performed, including, but not limited to, office conferences, legal research, and preparation of legal instruments, telephone and personal conferences, trips to and from the office to the courthouse or client’s office, and any other billable legal services.


The hourly rate represents the prevailing time rate charged by the individual performing the service.  Time is kept in quarter hour increments and the hourly charge is the time that the attorney allocates for the matters performed on your behalf.  Depending on the type of matter and the problem at hand, the hourly charge may be a standard time allocation rather than the actual time spent.